CITY OF ENLIGHTNMENT
Situated by the bank of river Neranjana,in the Indian state of Bihar,lies in the small town of Bodh Gaya.Bodh Gaya as it was popularly called in the 19TH century is sacred place for Buddhists all over world.Buddhism has transformed the lives of millions of people around the world,especially in South-East Asia,Central Asia,China and Japan.
The city was named Sambodhi when the Emperor Ashoka made a pilgrimages the site in year 260BC,the 10th year of his reign. Over the years, the temple was renovated many times and the current structure dates to the Gupta period in the 6th century A.D. Hieun Tsang,is said to have visited the city in the 7th century and recorded the existence of the temple. The UNESCO world heritage site ,the Mahabodhi Temple complex,consists of the temple,Bodhi tree and 6 other sacred spots. The current Bodhi tree is a sapling of a tree of Bodh Gaya.
Apart from, its cultural importance, the Mahabodhi Temple is known for its architecture. This is one of the first and most well preserved temple structures made completely with brick. Buddhist caves do exist but it is the most imposing of them all.
Gaya is home to the legendary Vishnupad Temple which is dedicated to lord Vishnu.As the name suggests ,the Vishnu 40 cm long footprint,having 9 chakram,and gandham.Vishnupad,also known as Dharmshila,is engraves on a solid rock and is immurted by a silver basin.
The Vishnupad Tempple is built near the Phalgu river makeing it even more attractive.A 51 kgs golden flag stands on the top of the temple.Akshayabat,the immortal Banyan tree
GIVER OF KNOWLEDGE
A magnificent site of culture and learning. Nalanda is among the most popular religious centre of India.It was created in the 5th century and was the desired destination of Gautama Buddha and Lord Mahavir who stayed for many years. The relics of ancient university are the main appeal in the entire town of Nalanda. Nalanda has a fabulous history dating back to 6th century in the times of Gautama Buddha ad Lord Mahavir.Moreover,there are memories of Hieun Tsang,a Chinese traveller who was part of Nalanda university for 12 years. During 2nd century BC the famous alchemist Nagarjuna did teaching and learning here.
At its peak, the university attracted scholars and students from as far away as China, Greece and Persia.Nalanda was sacked by Bakhtiyar Khalji in 1193,a milestone in the decline of Buddhism in India. Its library burnt for 3 months after they set fire to it, sacked and destroyed the monastries.In 2006,Singapore,India,announced A proposed plan to restore and revive the ancient site as Nalanda International University.
THE ANCIENT CITY
A beautiful city positioned in the Nalanda district in the state of Bihar.Rajgir entices the attention of the tourists from all over the globe.The place is enveloped by rock hillocks and is placed in a valley.The serene ambience of this place will refresh your mind and soul.
It has an appealing history to reveal to its visitors.It was the ancient capital city of Mgadha.Lord Buddha spent 12 years over here and also preached two sermons.The Saptarni cave is also the source of the Rajgir's hot water springs that have curative properties and are sacred to Hindus,Buddhists and Jain. The renowned Son Bhandar cave is situated at Rajgir.Son Bhandar caves are concerned with Jainism and considered to belong to 3-4 century.
The Vishwa Shanti Stupa,built in 1969,one of the 80 peace pagodas in the world,to spread the message of peace and non violence.Rajgir is famous for its hot springs,locally known as Brahmkund, a scared place for Hindus where water from seven different springs merge and is notable for its healing effects.
Rajgir is even today giving the message of peace and non-violence to whole world.
SMALLEST WATERFALL OF INDIA
Kakolat waterfall is the smallest waterfall of India.It is only about 50m high. When one is travelling through the border regions of Bihar, they can find the picturesque Kakolat hill,from where rises the scenic Kakolat falls. The Kakolayt hills is just around 33km away from the region of Nawada in Bihar. The Sakhri and Khuri river pass through the regions of Magadha and through Kakolat.
The Kakolat hill region is now gathering tourist from all over India, given its natural background and the ability for tourists reach the place. Water activities such as swimming ,river rafting, diving etc. are popular among tourists that arrive in the area most of the times. The water that cascades down the ravine falls in to a beautiful and transparent pool which is said to be cool even in summer and is rich with minerals.
Absolution came in the form of the Pandavas,when they visited this place during their exile.It was proclaimed that any person who takes bath in this place will never be reborn as a snake.
It is a beautiful waterfall and is one of the most visited places in Bihar.